Web development

Web development is the process of creating a website or web application. The main stages of the process are web design, page layout, client and server side programming, and web server configuration. Content

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1 Stages of website development
2 Main professions
3 See also
4 Notes
5 Literature
Website Development Stages
To date, there are several stages of website development:
Internet
Website or web application design
 (collection and analysis of requirements, development of technical specifications, interface design);
Development of the
 creative concept of the site;
Creation of the design concept of the site;
Creation of page layouts;
Creation of multimedia objects;
Layout of pages and templates;
Programming (development of functional tools) or integration into content management system (CMS);
Optimization and placement[specify] site materials;
Testing and making adjustments;
Publication of the project on the hosting;
Maintenance of a working site or its software base.
Depending on the current task, some of the steps may be missing.

Creation of terms of reference
A designer, an analyst, a web architect, a project manager together or separately can be involved in drafting the terms of reference. (In the case when the site is being developed by a freelancer, the terms of reference can be drawn up by the customer’s company).
Work with
 the customer begins with filling out a brief, in which the customer sets out his wishes regarding the visual presentation and structure of the site, points out errors in the old version of the site, and gives examples of competitor sites. Based on the brief, the manager draws up a technical task, taking into account the possibilities of software and design tools. The stage ends after the approval of the terms of reference by the customer. It is important to note right away that the stages of website design depend on many factors, such as the size of the site, functionality, tasks that the future resource should perform, and much more. However, there are several stages that are mandatory in the planning of any project. As a result, the document describing the terms of reference may have the following main sections:
Purpose and purpose of the site.
Site
 audience.
Specifications.
Site content (website structure with a detailed description of the elements and functions of each page).
Interactive elements and services (feedback forms, site search, site forum).
Forms (sending by mail, subscription to the newsletter, feedback).
Content management system (content).
material requirements.
Hosting transfer.
Design of the main and standard pages of the site
Work begins with the creation of a design, usually in a graphics editor. The designer creates one or more design options, in accordance with the terms of reference. At the same time, the design of the main page is created separately, and the designs of standard pages (for example: articles, news, product catalog). Actually, the “page design” is a graphic file, a layered picture, consisting of the smallest pictures-layers of the elements of the overall picture.
At the same time, the designer must take into account the limitations of the HTML standards (not create a design that then cannot be implemented using standard HTML tools). The exception is Flash-design.
The number of sketches and the order in which they are provided is negotiated with the project manager. The project manager also controls the timing. In large web studios, an art director is involved in the process, who controls the quality of graphics. The stage also ends with the approval of the sketch by the customer.
HTML layout
The approved design is passed to the HTML layout designer, who “cuts” the graphic image into separate drawings, from which it subsequently assembles the HTML page. The result is code that can be viewed with a browser. And typical pages will later be used as templates.
Programming
Next, the finished HTML files are transferred to the programmer. Website programming can be carried out both from scratch and on the basis of CMS content management system. Web developers often refer to a CMS as an “engine”.
In the case of CMS, it must be said that the “CMS” itself is, in a sense, a ready-made site, consisting of replaceable parts. The “programmer” in this case it would be correct to call him just a CMS specialist must replace the standard template that came with the CMS with the original template. He must create this original template based on the original “web design”.
When programming the site, the specialist is assigned milestones.
The final stage of website development is testing.
The testing process can include a wide variety of checks: the appearance of the page with enlarged fonts, with different sizes of the browser window[1], in the absence of a flash player, and many others. Also, usability testing.
Detected errors are sent for correction until they are corrected. Deadlines are controlled by the project manager. Also, at this stage, a designer is involved in the work, so that he